BRACHYTHERAPY AND EMOTIONAL SUPPORT - A SHORT REVIEW

  • Nur Nabilah Faiqah Rosli
  • Siti Amira Siti Amira Othman, Dr
  • Ervina Dwi Agustin
Keywords: cancer, brachytherapy, emotional support

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Cancer is still a serious problem in the whole world. Both in developed countries, and even more so in still developing countries. Cancer is a group of diseases caused by cells singles growing abnormally and uncontrollably so that it can become a malignant tumor that can destroy and damage healthy cells or tissues. Cancer can occur anywhere, from various tissues, and in various organs. As it grows and reproduces, cancer cells form a mass of malignant tissue that infiltrates into the nearby tissue (invasive) and can spread (metastasize) throughout the body. Despite decades of basic and clinical research and trials of promising new therapies, cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Brachytherapy is known in the specific form of radiotherapy in which radioactive sources are precisely placed directly into or close to the tumor. This kind of treatment is highly recommended to patients that having various sorts of cancers. It is the best instrument for delivering extremely large doses that focused on the focal tumor while limiting the risk towards normal tissue. This article reviews the brachytherapy of clinical relevance, with an emphasis on indications, levels of evidence, and outcomes for the overall content of radiation used by cancer patients. Besides that, emotional support is more important for patients because it can provide additional energy, especially from their families. Therefore, in conclusion, emotional support is very important for patients so that in the end the patient can have a better life expectancy.

 

ABSTRAK

Kanser masih menjadi masalah serius di seluruh dunia. Baik di negara maju, dan lebih-lebih lagi di negara yang masih membangun. Kanser adalah sekumpulan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh sel tunggal yang tumbuh secara tidak normal dan tidak terkawal, sehingga boleh menjadi tumor ganas yang boleh memusnahkan dan merosakkan sel atau tisu yang sihat. Kanser boleh berlaku di mana-mana, dari pelbagai tisu, dan dalam pelbagai organ. Apabila ia tumbuh dan membiak, sel-sel kanser membentuk jisim tisu malignan yang menyusup ke dalam tisu berdekatan (invasif) dan boleh merebak (metastasis) ke seluruh badan. Walaupun berdekad-dekad penyelidikan asas dan klinikal serta ujian terapi baharu yang menjanjikan, kanser kekal sebagai punca utama morbiditi dan kematian. Brachytherapy dikenali dalam bentuk radioterapi khusus di mana sumber radioaktif diletakkan secara tepat terus ke dalam atau dekat dengan tumor. Rawatan sebegini amat disyorkan kepada pesakit yang menghidap pelbagai jenis kanser. Ia adalah instrumen terbaik untuk menyampaikan dos yang sangat besar yang memfokuskan pada tumor fokus sambil mengehadkan risiko terhadap tisu normal. Artikel ini mengkaji tentang brakiterapi perkaitan klinikal, dengan penekanan pada petunjuk, tahap bukti dan hasil untuk kandungan keseluruhan sinaran yang digunakan oleh pesakit kanser. Selain itu, sokongan emosi lebih penting kepada pesakit kerana ia dapat memberikan tenaga tambahan terutamanya daripada keluarga mereka. Oleh itu, secara kesimpulannya, sokongan emosi amat penting bagi pesakit agar pada akhirnya pesakit dapat mempunyai jangka hayat yang lebih baik.

Author Biographies

Nur Nabilah Faiqah Rosli

Department of Physics and Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 84600, Pagoh, Johor.

Siti Amira Siti Amira Othman, Dr

Department of Physics and Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Sciences and Technology, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 84600, Pagoh, Johor.

Ervina Dwi Agustin

Faculty of Health and Sciences, Universitas Galuh Ciamis R.E. No. 150, Ds. Mekarjaya, Mekarjaya, Jl. R. E. Martadinata, Baregbeg, Kabupaten Ciamis, Jawa Barat 46274, Indonesia.

Published
2022-11-30
How to Cite
Rosli, N. N. F., Siti Amira Othman, S. A., & Agustin, E. D. (2022). BRACHYTHERAPY AND EMOTIONAL SUPPORT - A SHORT REVIEW. JOURNAL of NUCLEAR and Related TECHNOLOGIES, 19(02), 29-36. Retrieved from http://jnrtmns.net/index.php/jnrt/article/view/214
Section
Articles